All countries especially in the third world are faced with the challenges of complex phenomenon of corruption. In Pakistan the corruption and corrupt practices have been deep rooted and anti-corruption institutions have not been able to effectively combat this on-going dishonesty and fraud. The economy of Pakistan has been badly affected due to high rated corruption and criminal negligence of relevant authorities.
The main contributing factors of corruption are policies, programmes and activities that are poorly conceived and managed, failing of accountability & transparency and public servants, lacking a service mentality. Corruption flourishes where the institutions of government are weak, where a government’s policy and regulatory regime provide scope for and where oversight institutions (parliament, judiciary and civil society) are marginalized. It must be realized that the causes of corruption are highly contextual, rooted in a country's political trends, legal development, social history, bureaucratic traditions, economic conditions and policies. Some of the most important factors of it include over interference of government in economy, inappropriate administrative system, excessive bureaucracy and complexity, governmental and private monopolies, non-transparent regulations, weak management, unequal distribution of income, interference of high-ranking politicians and governmental authorities, lack of accountability of government and likewise different issues which provide a ground bed for the expansion of corruption at micro level (administrative corruption) as well as macro level (political corruption).
Corruption demolishes the basic frameworks of human societies, social institutions and weakens the value of work and self-respect of human beings. To combat nuisance of corruption and to unearth white collar crime the role of investigators is of paramount importance. However, along with enforcement there is utmost requirement to inculcate awareness among the general public and to build strong character of the society as a whole. The different sections i.e. civil society, religious leaders, media, government institutions and public at large have to play their role in combating this lethal disease and to root out this epidemic from the society.
The challenges of this menace continue to upset the efforts towards ensuring impartial socio-economic development, enforcement of rule of law and provision of justice in societies. Corruption destabilizes democratic institutions, slows down the economic development and adds towards political instability, thwarting rule of law, discourages foreign direct investment (FDI) and disheartens healthy business environment considered essential for prosperity of all segments of society or country.
Well informed & energetic civil society and unbiased media can inculcate, promote and support administrative accountability, transparency, rule of law and prompt service delivery. At the same time, civil society can play active role and involve itself in monitoring the quality and delivery of public services, mobilization of resources, developmental works, welfare schemes etc. and making voice of common people heard at the top level.
Effective implementation of the Charter of Good Governance of the Provincial Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shall be in line with the provisions of Articles 37 and 38 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan whereby all citizens have right to expect from the state the promotion of social justice and social and economic well-being through efficient, honest and effective management of public resources. This shall be achieved through the provisioning of a comprehensive mechanism to address failure or misconduct on the part of public office holders misusing or abusing their powers or authority through corruption, corrupt practices, misappropriation of property, receiving kickbacks, commissions and for matters connected and ancillary or incidental thereto, and through the recovery of government money and other assets from such public office holders.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Ehtesab Commission (KPEC) faced difficulties in its effective functioning due to inherent deficiencies in KPEC Act 2014 and other administrative aspects. However, certain amendments in the Act could remove few of these. Efforts of KPEC shall be visible once those accused of corruption charges are dealt in accordance with the dictates of law and are brought to justice and recovery of ill-gotten money from corrupt individuals is effected. KPEC shall become more effective when every citizen plays his role in eradicating corruption from society. I urge all segments of the general public, government functionaries, civil society, media, law enforcement agencies and religious scholars to contribute in the efforts towards combating this menace. Let us make sincere efforts towards the noble cause together.
I request all to join me in the prayer that Almighty Allah may grant us the strength and courage to eliminate the evil from our society, help and guide us to the right path and be our Protector. Aameen.